This report was commissioned by the OECD’s Development Co-operation Directorate and produced by a team led by Anne-Lise Klausen, and including Lydiah Kemunto Bosire and Kathryn Nwajiaku- Dahou, and supported by Alma Wetterling. The International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding created in 2010 as a permanent platform for dialogue between countries affected by conflict-fragility and the OECD-DAC, has since then, had its Secretariat hosted by the OECD. The International Dialogue’s principal achievement, among many others, was the development and negotiation of the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States (hereafter the New Deal) endorsed by over 40 countries and organisations in December 2011. The New Deal has effectively pioneered a shift in thinking about conflict and fragility, peacebuilding and statebuilding. It has also focused attention on the need for inclusive processes, and it insists that multi-stakeholder analysis of conflict and fragility should inform political decision-making and development planning. The OECD hosted Secretariat provided a joint platform for the International Dialogue members until the end of 2020. By using and championing the New Deal principles, members of the International Dialogue have been instrumental in influencing policy and practice around fragility in a wide range of contexts, ranging from contributing to the inclusion of a Sustainable Development Goal on peaceful, just, and inclusive societies in the global development framework of Agenda 2030 SDG 16, to influencing fragile-to-fragile advocacy around the Ebola crisis. In assessing the achievements, as well as the overall contributions of the International Dialogue to the fragility agenda over the last twelve years, this report considers two distinct phases.

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